Sunday, November 11, 2007

TIPS: Chkdsk Semua Drive Sekaligus

Pernahkah Anda ingin me-maintenance harddisk anda dengan chkdsk, tapi Anda tidak ingin menunggu? Anda bingung karena Anda tidak dapat dengan satu perintah menjalankan chkdsk untuk semua drive anda.

Solusinya adalah gunakan file ".bat". File .bat adalah sekumpulan perintah MS-DOS yang dapat dijalankan secara berurutan. Contoh file .bat yang terkenal adalah "autoexec.bat" pada Windows 9x.

Jika Anda ingin melakukan chkdsk untuk semua drive, caranya adalah:

Buka Notepad, ketik:

chkdsk c: /r/v/f/x

chkdsk d: /r/v/f/x

chkdsk e: /r/v/f/x

...

Simpan file tersebut dengan extensi .bat, misalkan "chkdsk_all.bat".

Penjelasan parameter chkdsk:

/r = Digunakan untuk memeriksa permukaan harddisk. Pada jaman scandisk namanya surface scan.

/v = Verbose, digunakan pada FAT32 untuk menampilkan kemajuan beserta semua file yang telah diperiksa.

/f = Fix, digunakan untuk memperbaiki apabila ada error.

/x = Force Dismount, digunakan untuk memaksa drive bila sebuah drive dikunci oleh proses lain.

Dengan perintah .bat tadi, anda dapat melakukan chkdsk untuk semua drive dan dapat ditinggal. Jika anda ingin laporan tentang chkdsk, anda bila melihat event viewer / dilakukan manual. Kalau dilakukan manual jangan lupa tambahkan tanda ">" diakhir baris. Misal asalnya "chkdsk c: /r/v/f/x" maka akan menjadi "chkdsk c: /r/v/f/x > namafile".

Masalah yang sering muncul adalah chkdsk tidak dapat mengunci drive terutama pada drive Windows itu sendiri maupun drive tempat swap file windows diletakkan. Untuk mengatasi hal tersebut, chkdsk biasanya meminta komputer agar di-restart.

Kadang-kadang, walau sudah di restart pun chkdsk tetap tidak dapat melakukan direct access. Berikut ini adalah beberapa trik untuk mengatasi hal itu:

- Shutdownlah komputer anda sekitar lima menit saat chkdsk meminta komputer anda restart.

- Tips terhebat adalah gunakan Windows lain. Misalnya BartPE atau WinPE.

Pada Windows 2008, bila sebuah volume ditandai kotor / dirty, maka Windows 2008 dapat mengunci HANYA SEBAGIAN dari drive Windows untuk dilakukan chkdsk.

PERINGATAN!!! JANGAN MENAMAKAN FILE .BAT DIATAS DENGAN CHKDSK.BAT KARENA WINDOWS AKAN MELAKUKAN RECURSIVE!!!

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